How to Control Diabetes: A Comprehensive Guide to a Healthier Life

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When Jacklyn, a vibrant 35-year-old woman, first discovered that she had diabetes, she was taken aback. “Is this my life now?” she wondered. But like many of us, she soon realized that having knowledge is half the battle. So, let’s embark on a journey together, uncovering the secrets of how to control diabetes and ensure a healthier life for ourselves and our loved ones.

Have you had experiences like Jacklyn’s? Read on, and let’s engage in this conversation!

What Is Diabetes?

Diabetes is a chronic metabolic disorder characterized by elevated levels of blood glucose (sugar). When we consume food, it’s broken down into sugars that our body uses for energy. A hormone called insulin, produced by the pancreas, helps our cells absorb this sugar. However, in diabetes, this system is disrupted either because the body doesn’t produce enough insulin or because it can’t effectively utilize the insulin it does produce.

There are primarily three main types of diabetes:

  • Type 1 Diabetes: An autoimmune condition where the body’s immune system mistakenly attacks and destroys insulin-producing cells in the pancreas. This type usually develops during childhood or adolescence, although it can occur at any age. People with Type 1 diabetes need to take insulin injections or use an insulin pump to manage their condition.
  • Type 2 Diabetes: This is the most common form of diabetes and occurs when the body becomes resistant to insulin or when the pancreas can’t produce enough insulin. While it’s more commonly diagnosed in adults, the increasing rates of childhood obesity have led to a rise in Type 2 diabetes among children and adolescents.
  • Gestational Diabetes: This type occurs in pregnant women and is characterized by high blood sugar levels during pregnancy. Women with gestational diabetes are at a higher risk of complications during childbirth and are also at a greater risk of developing Type 2 diabetes later in life.


  • Almost 10% of the US population has diabetes, with 90-95% of these being Type 2 diabetes cases.
  • An estimated 1.5 million new cases of diabetes are diagnosed in the US every year.


How do you think diabetes can be managed or treated? (Select all that apply)*

How do you think diabetes can be managed or treated? (Select all that apply)*

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How to Control Diabetes?

Diabetes management is a comprehensive approach that focuses on maintaining blood sugar levels as close to normal as possible. While medications and insulin are often vital components, lifestyle choices play an equally significant role. Achieving and sustaining a balanced blood sugar level requires understanding the interplay between food, activity, stress, medications, and overall health.

For many, like our friend Jacklyn, it begins with acknowledging that diabetes isn’t just a footnote in one’s life; it’s a condition that requires consistent attention and adaptation. A prime example is when she realized that even the joy of birthdays came with the challenge of managing sugar levels amidst the cake and celebrations.

Exercise Regularly

  • Why? Physical activity helps muscle cells use blood sugar for energy, thereby regulating blood sugar levels.
  • What to do? Aim for at least 30 minutes of moderate aerobic exercise like walking, swimming, or cycling daily. Strength training exercises twice a week can further improve blood sugar management. Jacklyn, for instance, found joy in dance; discovering the activity that best suits you can make exercise an engaging routine.

Eat Healthy Plant Foods

  • Why? These are loaded with vital nutrients and fibers, which can help regulate blood sugar levels and improve overall health.
  • What to eat with diabetes? Choose whole grains like quinoa and brown rice over refined carbs. Include a colorful variety of vegetables in your diet. Jacklyn loves creating rainbow salads using bell peppers, spinach, carrots, and more!

Eat Healthy Fats

  • Why? These fats can help reduce inflammation in the body and improve heart health, which is crucial for diabetics.Prioritize unsaturated fats from sources like avocados, nuts, seeds, and olive oil over trans fats and saturated fats.

Stay Hydrate

  • Why? Drinking water supports your kidneys in expelling excess blood sugar through urine, keeping blood sugar levels in check.
  • Tip: Aim for at least eight glasses a day. Infuse your water with lemon or cucumber slices for added flavor!

Manage Stress Levels

  • Why? Stress hormones can cause blood sugar levels to spike.
  • How? Activities like meditation, deep breathing exercises, and yoga can significantly reduce stress. Remember Jacklyn’s switch to meditation? Finding your personal relaxation technique can be a game-changer.

Monitor Blood Sugar Levels

  • Why? Regular monitoring offers insights into how food, activity, and stress affect your levels, allowing for better management.
  • Tip: Using a digital glucose meter can make this task easier. Discuss with your healthcare provider how often you should check.

Get Good Quality Sleep

  • Why? Inconsistent or poor sleep can affect insulin sensitivity and hormone regulation.
  • Tip: Create a bedtime routine, ensure your sleeping environment is comfortable, and limit screen time before bed. Jacklyn swears by reading a book to wind down.

Skip Fad Diets And Make Healthier Choices

  • Why? While fad diets may offer quick results, they are often not sustainable and can even be harmful.
  • How to prevent diabetes? Focus on creating long-term healthy eating habits. This means balanced meals with proper portions of proteins, fats, and carbs. It’s not about depriving oneself but making informed choices. For Jacklyn, it was about savoring her food while being aware of its impact on her health.


Jacklyn’s story isn’t unique. Millions of people battle with diabetes every day. But armed with the right information and a proactive approach, controlling diabetes isn’t just possible; it becomes a way of life.

Remember, it’s not about drastic changes but consistent, healthy choices. As Jacklyn always says, “It’s my life, and I choose health every day.”



  1. American Diabetes Association. (2022). Statistics About Diabetes.
  2. Mayo Clinic. (2022). Diabetes management: How lifestyle daily routine affects blood sugar.

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